1D Seepage Fundamentals

A constant head permeameter system that includes a prepared soil test specimen and portable manometers with tubing attached is utilized in the classroom without water to create a visual learning model. This equipment is used to demonstrate fundamental 1D seepage concepts including elevation head, pressure head, total head, head loss, and hydraulic gradient pressure before covering permeability and Darcy’s flow equation. The classroom model is also used to create example problems that are worked out in class interactively with the students using a measuring tape. Because water cannot be induced inside a classroom, some information must be assumed and/or given, but the students enjoy having something set up in front of them to view and touch.




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